In 2008 the National Institute of Health called Moringa (Moringa Oleifera) the “plant of the year,” acknowledging that “perhaps like no other single species, this plant has the potential to help reverse multiple major environmental problems and provide for many unmet human needs.”
Moringa is a nutrient-dense plant that is rich in vitamins, calcium, iron and essential amino acids.
Flavonoids (catechin, epicatechin, quercetin and kaempferol),Phenolic acids (p-coumaric, vanillic, protocatechuic, ferulic and cinnamic acids),ellagic and caffeic acids, seeds also contain important bioactive compounds including alkaloids, glucosinolates,isothiocyanates and thiocarbamates.
Moringa oleifera seeds are considerable sources of proteins (mean 19%) and lipids (mean 31%).
The understanding of medicinal properties will help us utilize the herb better. Below are medicinal properties along with its meaning indicating multiple health benefits:
·Antioxidant- Neutralize the oxidation effect of free radicals.
·Anodyne- Alleviate pain in the body.
·Anti-inflammatory- Reduce inflammation
·Anti-spasmodic- Used to relieve spasm of involuntary muscle.
·Antimicrobial- Destroy or inhibit the growth of microorganisms and especially pathogenic microorganisms.
·Anti-tumour- Prevent or inhibit the formation or growth of tumours.
·Diuretic- Cause expulsion of gas from the stomach or bowel.
·Hepatoprotective- Prevent damage to the liver and cure a liver injury or liver dysfunction.
·Ophthalmic- Used in relation to eyes and its diseases.