Licorice roots have been used worldwide as medicine and flavor in the industry for over 4000 years. Medicinal uses of licorice are recorded in texts such as Charaka Samhita, Assyrian Herbal (2000 BC) and Ebers Papyrus (1600 BC). The word liquorice essentially derives from Old Greek glykyrrhiza, glykys means “sweet,” and rhiza is “root”
The main beneficial effects of Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) are on the digestive system and respiratory system. It helps in relieving gastric symptoms such as heartburn, burning sensation in the abdomen, peptic and duodenal ulcer, abdominal colic, GERD and chronic gastritis.
The medicinal property of mulethi is mainly because of the presence of powerful phytochemicals namely flavonoids, chalcones & saponins. Glycyrrhizin is a popular saponin that is responsible for the sweet taste (50 time sweeter than sugar). Liquiritin, licoﬂavonol, liquiritigenin, etc are the common chalcones that provide the distinct yellowish colour to mulethi.
The understanding of medicinal properties will help us utilize the herb better. Below are medicinal properties along with its meaning indicating multiple health benefits:
·Aphrodisiac – Stimulate sexual desire.
·Anti-allergic- Tend to relieve or control allergic symptoms.
·Anti-tussive- Used to prevent or relieve a cough.
·Antispasmodic- Help reduce spasms and relieve pain.